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      1. 當前位置: 作文大全 > 寫作技巧大全 > 英語寫作技巧 > 議論文的寫作技巧 > 正文

        議論文的寫作技巧

        更新時間:2015-08-28 15:44 > 來源:作文大全網  英語寫作技巧

        文章摘要:

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        英語議論文的結構一般較為固定,可通過下面三部分來說明:

        1. 在寫導語的時候必要的引出論題;

        2. 在正文加以描述和討論(抓住論題和論據);

        3. 在文章的結尾部分對全文進行總結概括。

        議論文要有論點,自己的論據是什么,怎樣來論證,然后得出結論。論點可以分為總論點劃分論點,先提出總論點,然后分開來進行論述,分析各個分論點,最后得出結論;或者可以通過對一個故事,一段對話,或描寫一個場面的描寫,漸漸地證明你的觀點,把這些作為你的論據;也可以通過對一個人們眾所周知或熟悉的事作為自己的引發點,然后一一作答,逐層深入;也可以通過兩件事,來進行對比,從而從側面說明自己的觀點。

        具體的寫作過程主要由以下幾點需要注意:

        1. 論題要清晰明了,不能含糊不清,拖泥帶水。

        2. 議論時可以采用不同的方法。如:可以擺出正反兩方面觀點,進行對比;也可引經據典論證作者自己觀點的正確性,從而使讀者接受自己的觀點;亦可提出一種錯誤的觀點然后論證其錯誤,最終提出正確的觀點。正文部分是寫作的重點,論證方法可用歸納法、推理法、比較法等。

        3. 在結論部分必須表明作者的觀點,對討論的問題做出總結。

        4. 注意連接詞和過渡詞等詞語的使用,以增強文章的條理性和邏輯性。常用的過渡詞和連接詞包括:first, second, third, finally, in addition, furthermore, besides, what was worse, more importantly, in contrast, because, since, now that, therefore,consequently,in that case, as a result/consequence, in conclusion, to sum up等等。

        請看下面的范文:

        Shall we send children to study abroad?

        With more and more people becoming rich in recent years, it is a new tendency for them to send their children to study abroad. But I don’t think it is a good idea. First of all, children are too young to look after themselves. Second, the language barrier is a serious problem. Many children are not proficient in the foreign language before going abroad. As a result, they have difficulty in understanding what the native speakers are talking about. Third, they may get into trouble when dealing with various situations for lack of knowledge of the customs in the strange land. Furthermore, the cost of living is much higher than that in our country, which might cause a heavy burden to the family.

        In conclusion, there are more disadvantages in sending children to study abroad. So, we’d better not do it.

        文章正文結束,轉載請注明出處,寫作技巧英語寫作技巧議論文的寫作技巧網址址:http://www.m8575.com/xiezuojiqiao/3984.htm

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